For tactical shooters and home defenders who use weapon lights on their guns have asked the question:
How many lumens should a tactical flashlight have?
Rule of Thumb: Currently, anything between 120 to 1500 Lumens with high candela rating (16K or more), so a light like that will get you:
- Positive target identification
- Threat control in the dark while maintain safe distance
- High candela beam penetrates fog, rain & other ambient lights
More lumen intensity is always better to adapt to changing tactical environments.
However, lumen intensity isn’t the ONLY thing to look for, the specs on Candela and light beam type are very important.
In this article, you going to get a comprehensive understanding of lumen intensity, candela and beam patterns.
If you don’t have a weapon light yet, please check out our best handgun tactical light guide
What is Lumen, Lux & Candela
- Candela measures the strength of the light emission (The Key to reach far)
- Lumen measures total light output
- Lux measures the illumination intensity of an area
Note: The difference between lumen and lux is that the lux takes into account the area over which the luminous flux is spread.
Knowing this helps you make purchase decisions!
Based on FL1 standard the bright spot of the light beam is used for Candela rating. Higher the candela, the more concentrated light beam center is.
More candela doesn’t always mean good, it can be counterproductive if you use it inapporiately, which we explain why in the next few sections.
How Many Lumens Do I Need For A Weapon Light ?
NOTE: Using high-intensity light for up-close illumination causes washout & blinding effects
Anything over 300, 600 or even 2000+ lumens is good for a weapon light, and it’s not necessary for a light to have 2-3 different outputs.
A light with a single output of 1000 lumens is the most popular on the market today!
Unlike EDC flashlights with 3-6 different lumen intensity settings serve different purposes than a weapon light.
But… remember to pay attention to the candela rating. Lumen alone isn’t the only spec to look for in a weapon light.
In lay man’s term, candela is all about distance & keeping you safe in a tactical context.
How To Make Sense Of Candela Ratings
Have you ever shined a 1000 lumen light with just 5000 cd VS. a 500 lumen light with ~16k cd?
Basically this is what you gonna see:
Tactically Effective For PID & Threat Control
Kinda Just Feels Like A Construction Site Light, No Effective Throw
Screenshots referenced by Primary & Seconday video.
Watch Full Video here:
The more candela the better it is for self defensive because you can keep a good distance away from a threat, and you can still do the following:
- Positively identify threats at distance (Not just barely seeing the outline)
- Penetrates through fog, rain, street lights & other ambient lights
- Hot beam spot helps control threats at a safe distance
For civilians, 5-20 yards is pretty much the average distances for most documented self-defense cases.
Based on the FL1 standard, whatever distance you think you need, you should look for a light with 2X the range.
How Many Lumens Are Good For A Tactical Flashlight ?
Tactical weapon light’s purpose is to identify targets and search in low light conditions, and also to blind the opposing threats with a high-intensity light.
Lumen intensity between 700 and 2000 lumens is commonly found among tactical handheld lights. More is always better in order to adapt to constantly changing tactical environments (military & law enforcement mostly), but using too much or too little lumens without knowing what to do with it can be a problem.
In order to better understand what you need, you first need to know your typical mission distance. It varies from home defense (15 yards) to military & law enforcement applications(15 to 100+ yards)
For Long Distance Positive Target Identification
For long-distance reach, it’s always best to get high lumen intensity light (600 to even 3000+ lumens) & high candela. The higher light intensity travels further than less intense light, and the light can penetrate ambient light and fogs at longer distance.
The hotter the concentrated light spot is, the more candela there is, and the more user will pay close attention to the bright point naturally.
High Candela Weapon Light Applications
Lower candela flashlight with the same amount of lumen intensity and added flood lens, the super bright center spot beam is gone and the surrounding area is much more visible.
This is extremely helpful in tactical situations where police officers and military operators need to be able to focus the light to assess the threat as well as getting enough illumination on the surroundings for max situational awareness low light or in darkness.
Tactical Weapon Light Lumen Comparison
Different weapon lights have different beam types, candela amount and lumen intensity.
Check out this video below:
Tactical Flashlight Lumen FAQ
How many lumens is considered bright?
Anything over 90 to 130 lumens is bright enough to blind your vision for personal defense.
Anything over 200 to 1000 lumens is considered bright for its total light output.
Is 1000 Lumens good for a flashlight?
It depends on the application. 1000 lumens with a floodlight beam pattern is great for lighting up a room or a campsite, but NOT great for close up illumination for search.
A 1000 lumen light with high candela is bright and far-reaching. Are more lumens better in a flashlight? Lumen is an important spec to look for when determining how bright a light is.
The design of the lens and bezel are more important qualities to look at than just the lumen intensity. More lumen doesn’t mean it has the ability to reach far. More doesn’t always mean better in all situations.